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Changes in populations and, subsequently, catches of marine fishes and invertebrates have always been of great concern, especially for species that are commercially important due to the revenue they bring in and their significance for food security. As climate change becomes more extreme and variable, synchronous patterns of both marine and terrestrial organisms have been observed globally. This is worrying because it indicates greater sensitivity of populations to both climate change and human-induced (...)

Aresty Summer Science
SEBS - Ecology, Evolution and Natural Resources
Biology, Conservation Biology, Ecology, Fish , Fisheries, (...)

The Indian monsoon affects the lives of over a billion inhabitants living in southern Asia via the hydrological cycle. Agriculture on land and freshwater discharge into the ocean and nutrient cycling are tied with the monsoon cycles and directly impact society and the economy. Previous studies have demonstrated a strong connection between the strength of the Indian monsoon and cooling of the North Atlantic during climate extremes, such as during the last glacial period, 20,000 years ago. In (...)

Aresty Summer Science
SAS - Geological Sciences
Oceanography, Geochemistry, Climate Change

During the middle Miocene Earth’s climate transitioned from warm to cold with the development of permanent ice sheets on Antarctica. The middle Miocene climatic optimum (MCO; 17-14.7 million years ago) was a peak warm phase characterized by global mean sea surface temperatures ~3-4°C warmer than in the modern ocean. Only a few surface ocean temperature records have been generated for this important climate transition and essentially none for the North Atlantic, where deep water is generated. The (...)

Aresty Summer Science
SAS - Earth and Planetary Sciences, SAS - Geological (...)

After Hurricane Sandy five years ago, about 50 gaps were created by the storm in the forest at Morristown National Historical Park. This is an old oak forest, but now about 50 gaps are present. Many plants have moved into these gaps. We are determining the fate of these gaps, and whether the new plants are invasive species or native plant species of the original forest. We will compare these data to the intact forest to see what happens after a large disturbance. Many invasive species are in (...)

Aresty Summer Science
Botany, Ecology

The North Atlantic Ocean is one of the most studied ocean basins with respect to present and past ocean circulation changes. Previous studies have shown that variations in these ocean circulation patterns are associated with different climate states, however, the North Atlantic Ocean’s role in climate change as either an initiator or responder has yet to be determined. Understanding the mechanisms and underlying causes of these abrupt climate changes is one of the major challenges in global climate (...)

Aresty Summer Science
SAS - Earth and Planetary Sciences
Biology, Chemistry, Earth & Space Sciences, Environment (...)

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